Brain Flap Procedure
A craniotomy is a surgical procedure that involves the temporary removal of a section of the skull to expose the intracranial compartment. This procedure is the primary means by which a neurosurgeon enters the intracranial space and eliminates or stabilizes the disease process. The bone flap (removed section of skull) is replaced when the operation is complete.
A craniotomy is usually performed under general anesthesia but can be also be done with the patient awake using a local anaesthetic; the procedure, typically, does not involve significant discomfort for the patient. Before the procedure, your doctor will take an MRI scan, which provides an image of the brain that the surgeon uses to plan the precise location for bone removal and the appropriate angle of access to the relevant brain areas. The amount of skull that needs to be removed depends on the type of surgery being performed. The bone flap is then replaced using titanium plates and screws or another form of fixation, such as wires or sutures.